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|Urban Environments Lesson's | 



The real urban jungle: how ancient societies reimagined what cities could be – podcastPatrick Roberts
00:00 / 23:47

|1. The variety of urban environments| 

Characteristics of urban places, including site, function, land use, hierarchy of settlement (including megacities) and growth process (planned or spontaneous)

Factors affecting the pattern of urban economic activities (retail, commercial, industrial), including physical factors, land values, proximity to a central business district (CBD) and planning

Factors affecting the pattern of residential areas within urban areas, including physical factors, land values, ethnicity and planning

The incidence of poverty, deprivation and informal activity (housing and industry) in urban areas at varying stages of development




|2. Changing urban systems| 

Urbanization, natural increase and centripetal population movements, including rural–urban migration in industrializing cities, and inner city gentrification in post-industrial cities

Centrifugal population movements, including suburbanization and counter-urbanization

Urban system growth including infrastructure improvements over time, such as transport, sanitation, water, waste disposal and telecommunications

  • Case study of infrastructure growth over time in one city

The causes of urban deindustrialization and its economic, social and demographic consequences



|Lesson 1| 

|Lesson 2| 

|Lesson 3| 


|Reading/Revision & Assessment| 

|How megacities are changing the map of the world | Parag Khanna| 


|Lesson 4| 

|Lesson 5| 


|Lesson 6| 

|CyberPunk Cities: Fiction or Reality?| 

|Slum Resettlement| 

|Case Study Resource| 

|3. Urban environmental and social stresses| 

|Reading/Revision & Assessment| 


Urban microclimate modification and management, including the urban heat island effect, and air pollution patterns and its management

  • Case study of air pollution in one city and its varying impact on people

Traffic congestion patterns, trends and impacts

  • Case study of one affected city and the management response

Contested land use changes, including slum clearances, urban redevelopment and the depletion of green space

  • Detailed contrasting examples of two affected neighbourhoods and their populations

Managing the impacts of urban social deprivation, including the cycle of deprivation and geographic patterns of crime

|Lesson 7 Urban Problems | 

|Lesson 8 Response to urban stress| 


|Reading/Revision & Assessment| 

|Building Better Cities from TED Radio Hour| 

|Al Gore- Alarming new slides of the worsening climate crisis| 

|4. Building sustainable urban systems for the future| 

Urban growth projections for 2050, including regional/continental patterns and trends of rural–urban migration and changing urban population sizes and structures

Resilient city design, including strategies to manage escalating climatic and geopolitical risks to urban areas

  • Two detailed examples to illustrate possible strategies

Eco city design, including strategies to manage the urban ecological footprint

  • Two detailed examples to illustrate possible environmental strategies

Smart city design and the use of new technology to run city services and systems, including purpose-built settlements and retrofitting technology to older settlements.


|Lesson 9 Urban Growth Projection| 

|Lesson 10 Urban Stress| 

Screenshot 2023-05-10 at 16.05.47

|Reading/Revision & Assessment| 


|Case Study Cards| 


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